A great pair of boots is a dynamic choice for both dressy and casual occasions.  One boot in particular that we’ve got our eyes on this time of year is the Chelsea boot.  Endlessly versatile, this shoe is as easy to style as it is timeless. And, with the sheer variety of materials, colors, and finishes available, there’s bound to be a pair to work with any man’s personal style. Here is everything you need to know about the Chelsea boot.


Chelsea Boots; History

The Chelsea boot was invented in Victorian era England by J. Sparkes Hall, official boot maker to Queen Victoria herself.  Using then-recently-invented vulcanized ( a chemical process that converts natural rubber into more durable materials) rubber, the Chelsea boot was designed to be slipped on and off.  This may not sound like a big deal to you now, but in a time when boots were characterized by intrinsic lacing, slip-on boots made things a hell of a lot easier.  While the boots were originally made for the Queen, their popularity grew so much that men of the time eventually adopted the trend as well.  Nearly a century later, the boot got its iconic name from socialites in the Chelsea neighborhood of London who frequently sported the shoes day in and day out.  Its popularity grew even more once the Beatles started wearing them.  The rest is history.


Chelsea Boots; Fit

Unlike other boots that you can simply lace up tighter if they’re a little loose, Chelsea boots need to fit perfectly in order to be comfortable.  Find a boot that fits tightly around the ankle and still leaves room for your toes. Additionally, you’ll also want to consider your socks. If you wear thick socks a lot, you’ll also want to consider going a half size up. Wear the socks you plan to wear with your boots while trying the shoe on.


Chelsea Boots; Materials

Chelsea boots are as dynamic as they are timeless, and they can be found in a wide variety of materials to suit your needs. You’ll want to pick the material that works best with your lifestyle.  If you’re looking for a shoe for casual or indoor wear primarily, you’re fine rocking suede. However, if the weather’s a bit temperamental where you live, leather might be the way to go.


Rounded vs. Pointed

Chelsea Boots; Pointed vs Rounded

Chelsea boots are usually shaped with either a rounded or pointed toe.  The rounded toe is a great option for everyday use as it’s way more casual and easy to pull off.On the flip side, pointed toe Chelsea boots are, in general, more formal and more edgy.


Chelsea Boots; Colors

Blacks and tans are great classic options, especially if you’re going for a polished, urban look. Brown suede is best for casual wear, while brown leather could make for a great office-appropriate addition. If you’re looking for an office-appropriate shoe that’s not black or brown, you can never go wrong with burgundy. Additionally, different colors like indigo, green, and copper are great options to add to your wardrobe when you’re trying to make a statement.


Chelsea Boots; Quality

Chelsea boots aren’t going out of style anytime soon, so you can rest assured that your investment will be good for the long haul.  If you want to go for a more trendy style or in a nontraditional color, go with a cheaper pair ($50 – $150).  However, a more expensive pair that will last you longer is a safe bet if you’re looking to expand your shoe staples. So, even though a $400 pair might seem unheard of in the moment, these boots will be a go-to for years and years to come. We’re not saying you should splurge, but we’re also not not saying it, either…

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A good pair of shoes that is properly cared for will last a lifetime. That may seem like an exaggeration, but it’s not, I promise! Not only that, a pair of good, polished shoes is a key to feeling well-dressed when you walk out the door. It is one of those details that is easily overlooked, but makes all the difference.

Brushing away dirt and dust will help keep the leather looking good, and polishing them with good quality creams and waxes will help condition them and prolong their life by protecting against water damage, etc.

Materials needed:

  • Cream polish
  • Wax polish
  • One thick cloth for applying cream polish
  • Big brush for buffing
  • Small brush for applying wax polish
  • One thick cloth for final buffing and shining
  • Mink oil or shoe grease (optional, for conditioning the sole)

Secret #1: Polishes fall into two main categories: cream and wax. They can be used interchangeably or together (cream first, followed by wax). To help you decide, know that cream polish cleans, conditions, and buffs to a moderate shine, whereas wax polish protects more and can be buffed to a high gloss if desired.

Let’s get started. First, brush any visible dirt and dust off of the surface of the shoes.

Secret #2: It is a good idea to have cloths and brushes dedicated to black and brown polishes, and not to interchange them.

Next, select a matching color of shoe polishing cream. Using a thick cloth, rub a small amount of the cream onto the shoe, paying close attention to areas where the color has been worn away.

Secret #3: Match the shade exactly. If in doubt, go with a shade lighter, NOT darker.

If the shoes have leather soles, use a little of the polish around the edge to darken them up.

Secret #4: For areas of the shoe where the color has completely worn off, dying may be necessary if shoe polish doesn’t work.

Using a large, soft brush, vigorously brush the surface of the shoe, back and forth until shiny.

For further protection against water, etc., another coat of polish can be used. This time apply a wax polish using a small brush.

Secret #5: Polishing shoes can be messy, and when you use wax polish, it may flake off a bit. Protect surfaces with sheets of newspaper so the mess doesn’t get on your clothes or the floor.

After the wax polish, once again use a brush to buff the surface of the shoe.

An optional step for shoes with leather soles is to protect them by rubbing mink oil or shoe grease (just a little bit) onto the surface.

Secret #6: Some leathers are only meant to be conditioned with mink oil or shoe grease NOT polished. (Like Doc Marten type shoes.)

Finally, for shoes with a shinier surface, the last step is to buff the shoes with a cloth.  (Think: spit shine.)

Secret #7: Only polish shoes if it’s needed. Don’t use too much polish — only a thin layer. Old polish can build up over the years and crack.

Secret #8: It’s not really a polishing secret, but it is about proper shoe care — use shoe trees to store leather dress shoes. Shoes trees will help them keep their shape.

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Having white shoes in your shoes rack means you know how to clean white shoes. White shoes are awesome footwear that gives you a fabulous and sparkling look. They are very difficult to clean but they are easy to maintain. You can follow a routine to clean them whenever you use them; it will save your money by enhancing durability. There are different cleaning procedures for all type of white shoes.

Cleaning Your White Cloth Shoes

The white cloth shoes are the easiest shoes to clean if you know how to clean white shoes properly. It follows very simple procedure like laundry washing and cleaning.

  • Remove the shoestrings from the shoes
  • Put the shoes in cushion covering
  • Place the cushion covering having shoes in the washing machine
  • Add one cup of detergent and one cap of bleach in the normal water, bleach will maintain the white color of shoes
  • Laces should be washed with hands and dry them with low heat dryer
  • Remove the cushion covering from washing machine and take the shoes out of it
  • Rinse with clean water and let them dry in the air
  • Re-attach the laces and use as a new shoe pair.

Cleaning White Canvas Shoes

Cleaning of white canvas shoes is difficult especially if you make them dirty with mud, grease, oil and other hard stains. You can save their great fresh look by knowing how to wash your converse shoes.

  • Removing Stains

First of all, remove the superficial dust and dirt with the help of shoe brush or clean soft cloth. Now remove the stains either with the help of commercial stain removals or make a paste of vinegar and baking soda at your home. Apply the paste on stubborn stains and rub with the help of toothbrush gently. Continue scrubbing with a brush until stains are removed from the shoes completely.

  • Shoe Laces

It is necessary to remove the shoe laces before starting cleaning procedure on shoes. Because of harsh brushing and chemical applications they may damage or get rough. So clean with hands separately and let them dry in fresh air.

  • Shoes Cleaning

For cleaning of shoes entirely it is better to put them in the washing machine at gentle spinning. Add one cup of quality detergent and one cap of bleach and allow them spinning. Shoes must be put in a pillowcase before placing them in washing machine.

  • Rinsing

When the spinning is completely taking them out of washing machine and remove the pillowcase. Rinse thoroughly with clean water to remove detergent and bleach entirely.

  • Drying

Now stuff the white canvas in a paper towel to hold your shoes shape and to remove excessive water. Let them dry in fresh air and attach the laces again. Now you can enjoy a cleaned shining white shoe pair again.

How to Clean White Leather Shoes:

  • Removing Dirt

Leather shoes have very soft and delicate surface that becomes dirty by dirt and moist easily. The first step to clean white sandals is the removal of dirt, dust and moisture from the leather surface with the help of liquid soap and clean towel. Rub the towel having liquid soap softly on the shoes to remove dust from all creases.

  • Cleaning Laces

Shoe laces must be cleaned separately with mild detergent and lukewarm water. if the laces are too dirty them it is better to replace them.

  • Rubber Sole Washing

If you have cleaned the leather surface and have not focused on rubber sole then there is no benefit of it. so clean the rubber shoe with bubble cleaner and soap and rub it where there is any hard stain.

  • Washing

Add liquid detergent or liquid soap in warm water in the tub or bucket and soak the white leather shoes in it. Scrub with a sponge until they are cleaned. Wash with clear water until the detergent is removed.

  • Drying

Now soak the shoes with a towel from outside and stuff the paper towel on inner-side. After removal of extra water, let them dry in fresh air. Make sure that shoes are completely dry before you put them on.

Cleaning White Knit shoes

Cleaning of knit shoes differs greatly from cleaning of other white shoes. The knitted portion of such shoes is delicate that need extra care.

  • Cleaning Non-Knit Portion

The first step in how to clean white shoes in the case of knitted shoes is the cleaning of only non-knitted shoe area with the help of soap and water. Remove the dust and dirt particles from the shoes with a soft cloth and detergent. You must make sure the gentle rubbing.

  • Cleaning Kitted Portion

Use the magic tide to clean knitted portion as it removes away the dirtiness from knitted area.

  • Use of Bleach

Add 1/4 cup of bleach in cleaning solution having only mild detergent, used for cleaning of white shoes.

  • Washing

You must set your washer at warm water because warm water can remove stains more deeply and give brightness to the white color of shoes. Now rinse with plain warm water thoroughly.

  • Drying

Finally, allow the shoes to dry in air for maximum duration and stuff some paper towel into shoes to maintain shape. After drying, attach the laces and use them again but now they will be very clean and fresh.

How to Maintain the Sparkling Look of White Shoes

It is very necessary to maintain the whiteness of white shoes that gives a precious white look.

  • The best detergent for white shoe washing is shampoo. Add shampoo in warm water and clean with either brush or in the washing machine.
  • You must consider your laces while cleaning shoes because dirty laces in clean shoes will never give a clean look.
  • Clean the stains as early as possible in order to have easy cleaning.
  • The best whitening paste is baking soda, add it to warm water and brush the shoes thoroughly.
  • You can easily hide the scuffs on white shoes with white nail polish.

So your care for your shoes will help you get more benefit from them by saving money and giving brighter look.

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It is essential to clean your shoes immediately when they become muddy or soiled to avoid cake formation through dirt and stains. Like your clothing, if you remove stubborn stains earlier there are more chances of stain’s easy removal.

Washing of Leather Shoes

The handling of leather shoes accompanies with either washing of leather shoes or cleaning of leather shoes. It depends on the condition they exhibit because if they are too dirty that they cannot be cleaned through simple cleansing, so washing is necessary.

  • Step 1

If your leather footwear has laces then first of all remove them, if they are cleanable than wash them with simple detergent by hand or washing machine, otherwise replace them.

  • Step 2

It is a useful step to remove all the loose debris and dirt with a brush or dry cloth before washing. In this way, the stuck dust is evacuated, and it is easy to clean the shoes.

  • Step 3

Make a mixture of dish soap or detergent and warm water, dip a clean, soft cloth into the soap solution and rub the cloth gently on the leather surface to create froth with soap. You can use this cloth on the inner side of shoes to remove dirt and debris accumulated in the shoes.

  • Step 4

Now take another clean cloth, moist cloth piece and remove the excessive soap on leather surface of shoes.

  • Step 5

If the hard and tough stains are not removed through soap washing, you can use different erasing agents to remove them and it depends on the type of stains your shoes have, that how it will be effectively removed.

best way to keep clean leather shoes

How to Remove Different Stains

  • Tough Stains

For all tough stains, it is recommended to make a paste of lemon juice and tartar cream. Both agents should be added at 50:50 ratios. Apply the paste on stains and let it work for 30 minutes. Now remove the dough with moist cloth or sponge and let it dry. Lemon juice has bleaching effects so it must be applied on light color leather or for a shorter duration.

  • Using Toothpaste

Toothpaste can also use as a leather cleaning aid. A small portion of non-gel type tooth is applied on the scuff area, and it is rubbed with soft cloth or sponge. Remove it with a clean cloth and dry the shoes.

  • Ink Stains

Another tough stain is ink stain that destroys the beauty of leather shoes. It can be cleaned with the help of nail polish remover or alcohol. Dip the cotton swab in alcohol or nail polish remover and lightly apply on the stain without rubbing. Continue it until the stain is completely removed. Rubbing on ink blot may lead to spreading of ink that will destroy the shoe color.

  • Oily Stains

Oil and grease stains are also very tough to handle, and they leave a permanent mark on shoes. You can try to remove them by dusting the corn flour or baking soda on the greasy area. With light pressure rub it with the help of the clean wet cloth. Let it act for few hours and then remove the powder with a clean moist cloth.

  • Buffing or Conditioning

When you are finished with soaping of shoes, and you have removed the stains, you should apply leather conditioner on the leather surface of shoes. In the case, you do not have leather conditioner then do not worry you can make it easily at your home. You have to add just one part of vinegar and two parts of linseed oil. Mix them properly and apply to the leather and let it for 15 minutes. Now buff the shoes with the help of sponge or cloth for shining of leather.

  • Dry the Shoes in Sunlight

If you know how to clean leather shoes, you should be aware that shoes are dried in open air, and direct sunlight, the use of blower and heater to dry them must be avoided because direct heat is very dangerous for leather as it causes cracks or discoloration of leather.

  • Buffing After Drying

Buff the shoes after drying again in circular motions and for best results you must put one to two drops of oil on the cloth that is used for buffing. It will give an extraordinary shine to your shoes.

cleaning desert shoes

Cleaning of Leather Shoes

Cleaning of leather shoes is a part of an extensive procedure that how to clean leather shoes. Cleaning of leather shoes involves almost similar steps, but thorough washing is not carried out with soap. If you clean your shoes after each wearing, then you do not need to wash them except in the case of hard stains.

Removal of Laces

The first step involves the removal of laces that are cleaned separately and if they are heavily mudded or stain then wash them or replace them.

Brushing and Dusting

Remove all litter and trash through brush efficiently. You can also use a clean cloth to do so. The all cursory dust and mud is removed through brushing that will make buffing and polishing easy.

Use of Leather Cleaner

You can use commercial leather cleaner or homemade leather cleaner; add 2 parts of water and one part of vinegar. Mix it and apply it on the shoes with the soft cloth. Gently rub the shoes with cleaner and when you think you have achieved perfect neatness and all salt is gone away then remove it with clean damp cloth.


Apply the shoe polish that suits to your shoe color appropriately as shoe polishing is necessary at least once a month. Now polish the shoes with the help of brush if the shoes are not aching dashing shine you can wipe your shoes with Swiffer sheet.


It is a part of the technique that how to clean leather shoes that you must apply leather lotion or conditioner at least every six months to maintain the beauty and shiny appearance of your favorite leather footwear.

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Sneaker obsessives often reveal themselves by going to extreme lengths to keep their ultra-rare sneakers completely spotless. This even includes never ever wearing them. These guys are quicker on the draw with a baby wipe than any new mother; they have a golf caddie’s sixth sense for reading the topography ahead; and they won’t get dressed in the morning without first consulting three different weather apps. Let there be no doubt: sneakerheads are fastidious people.

The rest of us just want to know how to keep our sneakers cleaner for longer – and what to do when disaster strikes in the form of puddles, mystery party badges or worse.

Gone are the days when we would simply sling our soiled canvas Converse first into a pillowcase and then into the washing machine. Modern times demand modern measures.

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01 Spot Clean

Knock the soles together to dislodge dirt and use a damp cloth to wipe away superficial marks. Waproo Suede & Nubuck Brush is ideal for an on-the-go once-over to remove dust and particles. Waproo Suede & Nubuck Cleaning Block will remove light spots and marks.

02 Deep Clean 

Waproo Instant Sneaker Cleaner is the strongest, most effective way to clean and protect athletic and casual footwear. It contains an active ingredient to destroy odour causing perspiration and residue to keep your footwear smelling like new.

Shake can well before use. Spray the mousse directly onto your sneaker and sole holding the can approximately 20cm from the shoe. For best results cover the whole sneaker as this mousse is not a spot cleaner. Wait a few seconds, and wipe gently but firmly with a slightly damp cloth or use a soft brush for cleaning nylon or mesh uppers and soles.

To clean and deodorise the inside of your sneaker first remove the insole and then follow the same directions as above. Note: if insoles are firmly fastened, leave them inside the shoe. In this case, spray Waproo Instant Sneaker Cleaner onto a soft cloth and wipe inside the sneaker. Then allow to dry.

03 Re Lace 

Fresh laces instantly lift the appearance of your sneakers. Remove the laces and either replace them with new ones or alternatively soak the soiled ones in washing detergent and then place in a garment bag and put in with the wash.

04 Protect

After you have allowed your newly cleaned sneakers to dry naturally (never place them near direct heat), they can then be treated to protect them against water and stains. Waproo Water & Stain Protector repels water and stains to keep shoes clean and dry. It can be used on leather, suede, nubuck and fabrics.

Working in a well ventilated area, first shake the can well. From a distance of approximately 30cm, apply a light even spray mist over the entire sneaker. Allow to dry naturally then apply a 2nd or 3rd coat for optimum protection. Allow the shoe to dry between each coat. For suede, if necessary brush up nap after drying. Repeat process regularly to ensure shoes remain protected.

05 Store 

Ideally store your shoes in a dry, well ventilated place.

Note: Always follow directions on product labels and test product for compatibility, in an inconspicuous place first before using on the entire shoe.

A great pair of go-to dress shoes is a necessary staple for any man’s closet. Even the most casual of men will need to suit up at one point or another, and before you lump all “dress shoes” into one category,  find the right pair that suits you with our dress shoe guide. If you take the time to find a classic pair that is worth investing in, with the right care, they will truly last you a lifetime. Whether you’re a seasoned shoe aficionado, or just trying to cover your bases, we’ll break it down to the basics and make choosing the right pair simpler than you initially thought.


In order to understand a style, one must first understand the components that make up a men’s dress shoe. From front to back a dress shoe is divided into four parts: toe, vamp, facing and quarter. It is the placement or construction of these pieces that give the following dress shoes their unique style.

vamp, upper, sole, quarters, facing, toe, heel


The Oxford Shoe

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Oxford Balmoral

The oxford is the most basic and timeless of the dress shoes, and a great starting point if you’re looking for a classic staple. They are very versatile option that can be dressed up with formal wear or down for a more casual arena. Gaining its name from its history at Oxford University, oxfords were a newer version of the popular Oxonians that were popular at the university in 1800. This half-boot style became outdated and students looked for an alternative style that was more current, thus the oxford shoe was born.

The shoe is characterized by its facing being stitched on under the vamp, or “closed lacing.” The facing’s placement provides a slim silhouette that hugs the foot’s contour. The oxford is one of the most popular styles due to its minimalist appeal and ability to go with just about everything. For general everyday wear, stick to a dark brown or black standard leather pair, while if you’ll be pairing them with a tux, a patent leather pair will fit the best.

The One Piece Oxford Shoe

This shoe is a variation on the classic oxford that is constructed of a single piece of leather rather than various pieces sewn together. This style has only one seam connecting the piece of leather together in the back of the shoe while maintaining the original Oxford shape and signature “closed lacing.” The sparse stitching gives a sleek and sophisticated look that adds to the shoe’s unique and minimalist style. Though this style is unassuming, it is a uncommon variation on the typical oxford shoe and is seen quite rarely. It can be dressed up or down depending on the type of leather and material of the sole. For example, a patent leather, leather soled version would definitely up the ante when paired with a formal suit or tux, however a full-grain leather, rubber soled version pairs nicely with chinos or dark-wash jeans. The One Piece Oxford is for the detail-oriented man that wants to make a minimalist statement.

The Derby Shoe

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Derby, Blucher

The derby shoe, also known as the Gibson or the Blucher, were originally intended as a sporting and hunting boot in the 1850’s. At the turn of the 20th century, derbies began to be appropriate footwear to wear into town. Derbies are often miscategorized as oxfords, as their shape is very similar and their differences are very slight. Though not obvious upon first glance, the difference lies in the facing placement. The derby shoe has the facing stitched on top of the vamp as opposed to an oxford with its tabs sewn on under the vamp. This construction, called “open lacing,” allows for a wider fit than an oxford, making it a more comfortable option. This simple detail, has kept the derby reminiscent of its sporting roots and acts as a less formal version of the oxford.

The Monk Strap

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Monk Strap

The monk strap serves as the intermediate between the oxford and the derby in terms of formality, featuring a similar shape sans the laces. In place of an eyelet closure, the monk strap has a wide strap that is fastened across the front of the shoe with either a single or double buckle closure. The monk strap takes its name from the monks who originally donned them. The closed toe design was a much more protective alternative to wear while working than the sandals they usually wore.

This alternative to traditionally laced dress shoes adds a certain panache to any outfit in need of a little something extra. The monk strap has become a very versatile shoe style that can be dressed down with some cuffed jeans, or dressed up with your most dapper of suits. This is definitely a shoe that begs for a little attention and can easily become the focal point of  an ensemble. Monk straps are often crafted out of leather or suede and can be found with and without decorative broguing.

The Loafer

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Loafer

The loafer is a moccasin-inspired shoe that is most recognizable by its slip-on styling. The loafer was originally intended as a casual house slipper made for King George VI of England. The loafer did not become popularized as a casual shoe until the style crossed the pond and began being manufactured in the United States in the 1930’s. It kept its status as a casual-only shoe until the 1960’s when American businessmen and lawyers began wearing loafers with suits. In 1966, Gucci introduced the bit loafer featuring a metal strap across the front in the shape of a horse’s bit, further elevating the loafer’s formality.

The loafer often features a saddle, or decoration, that consists of a plain strap, a strap with a slit, a  metal bit, or tassels. Its minimalist version, the Venetian, simply has the vamp exposed across the front of the shoe with no decoration. A signature characteristic of loafers is an elevated seam that follows along the shoe’s toe. A more casual variant of the loafer is the driving moccasin that usually has a softer, less structured look and features a dotted rubber sole.

The Dress Boot

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Dress Boot

Built like your standard Oxford, the dress boot is generally the same shape with a longer shaft. This short, lace-up boot often features wingtip broguing on the toe and along its seams and rises over the ankle. This style traces its roots to the Victorian era when the choices in men’s shoes were very limited. During this time, men could only wear boots with day wear or pumps for evening wear. Because of the limitation of styles available to men, the Dress Boot became an intermediately formal dress shoe option that was worn to formal day occasions like tea or a formal lunch. Now, the dress boot’s place in menswear has remained quite similar as a great alternative to your typical dress shoe that’s perfect for formal day wear. For more casual occasions, lighter brown leather is acceptable, while for more formal occasions, stick to dark colored leather.

The Chelsea Boot

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Chelsea Boot

The Chelsea boot originated from Victorian England and were made by shoemaker  J. Sparkes-Hall for Queen Victoria. The boots’ elastic siding allowed for them to be put on and taken off with ease, while still maintaining the refined silhouette of a laced boot. The Chelsea boot became the practical alternative to rigid Victorian boots of the time and soon became a  riding staple of the equestrian set. They found a modern revival during the 1960’s Mod trend where they adorned the ankles of pop-culture’s finest including, most notably, The Beatles.

These boots are ankle length with rounded toes and low heels. The vamp and the quarters meet near the ankle and are joined by elastic. The Chelsea boot has an incredibly clean look with the vamp and quarters each being made from a single piece of leather, keeping the stitching to a minimum. They have minimal to no decorative additions, maintaining the boot’s sleek and minimalist look. The simplistic look of the Chelsea boot can easily add a classic touch to jeans, but can also give a slightly alternative look to a tailored suit. A pair in polished leather can be paired either formally or casually, while you may want to reserve your suede pair for casual to semi-formal outings only.

The Chukka Boot

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Chukka Boot

The Chukka Boot finds its origins within the game of polo, gaining its name from the seven and a half Polo playing period, called the “Chukker” or the “Chukka.” Chukkas resemble a shorter version of boots used during Polo, however it is thought that they were intended to be a more comfortable version that players could wear after the game.

Chukkas are ankle-length boots with two to three pairs of eyelets on each side for a lace-up closure. These eyelets allow for a snug fit around the ankle that, unlike regular boots, will not disrupt your pants’ shape. Chukka boots have a rounded toe, minimal stitching, and open lacing (similar to the derby). They are traditionally made of soft suede, however polished leather versions can offer a more formal look.

Chukkas, though similar, are not to be confused with desert boots. Desert boots are a much more casual version of a Chukka boot  with similar shape, but featuring a rubber sole instead of the traditional leather.

Though these are the least formal of the bunch, they can definitely hold their own in semi-formal or business casual situations. Once you try on a pair of chukka boots, you’ll find they are surprisingly comfortable alternative to the typical dress shoe.

The Opera Pump

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes: Opera Pump

Popular during the Victorian era, opera pumps were used as formal evening wear. They are traditionally made of patent leather and are adorned with a grosgrain bow. Men would wear them with knee-high stockings and breeches to operas, dances, and other formal events. Though they are not as popular today, opera shoes will occasionally be seen at full-dress events on fashion conscious individuals.


Though you may be an aficionado on the types of shoes, it’s all about details when picking out the perfect footwear. It is in the details that you are able to show a bit of your personal style and allow for a bit of embellishment or none at all. When choosing your next pair of dress shoes, abide by the one golden rule: the toes of your shoes should be rounded and never squared.

cap toe, wingtip, plain toe, medallion, apron, split toe

Plain Toe

Plain toe shoes are as simple as it gets. The vamp is left unscathed, providing a very clean and minimalist look.

Cap Toe

A cap toe looks like a horizontally stitched line that divides the vamp of a shoe at the toe. In most cases this will actually be a separate piece stitched as the toe on the vamp, like a cap. The oxford is most noted for the cap toe, however it can be seen on various types of dress shoes.

Split/Apron Toe

The split toe, otherwise known as the apron toe, features a seam that begins in the middle of the shoe, around the toe, and ending at the middle of the shoe on the other side. This toe style is more common in casual shoes.


Medallion is a plain toe and with hints of brogue decoration at the toe.


This toe style has a winged cap that peaks in the middle of the toe. This toe style often features broguing in the center of the toe and along the seam of the cap.


Any shoe and toe style can have brogueing. Brogue simply refers to the decorative perforations in various patterns on dress shoes. Originally, the perforations were used to allow water out of shoes when crossing wet terrain, however they have now become solely a style statement. Brogueing is most often seen on oxford, derby, and monk strap shoes and is available in four different toe cap styles: full brogue, longwing brogue, semi-brogue, and quarter brogue.

full brogue, semi-brogue, half brogue, quarter brogue, longwing, long wing brogue

Full Brogues (Wingtips)

Also known as wingtips, take the shape of a wing-shaped cap, with the brogued cap coming to a peak opposite the toe, while its sides extend to the sides of the shoe. This styling offers a bold look that truly makes a statement.

Longwing Brogues

Longwing brogues are most commonly seen on the derby shoe. The shoe’s brogued cap takes on the same W shape with its with its sides extending down each side of the shoe all the way to its center seam in the back. This style takes the look of the full brogue and extends it down the length of the shoe.


Semi-brogues, also known as a half brogues, feature broguing along the seam of the cap toe as well as some decorative broguing on the center of the cap toe. This offers a flourish of embellishment that is a little more subtle than a full brogue.

Quarter Brogues

The most reserved of the lot, the quarter brogue simply features decorative broguing along the seam of the cap toe with no decoration on the center of the cap toe.


Obtaining a signature pair of dress shoes is an absolute essential of every man’s wardrobe. Pick a well crafted pair that expresses your personal style while remaining timeless. If you’re looking to add a little more dimension to your dress shoes, try out a new way of lacing them or a colorful pair of shoelaces to give them some unique flair. We’re certain that once you start your collection, one pair will hardly seem like enough.

Below is a full size infographic if you feel like sharing.

The Ultimate Guide to Dress Shoes

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There is an easier way to preserve your leather and maintain its original condition for decades. It involves the use of leather conditioners, cleaners and protectants. 

Leather is leather is leather.

Why would you invest in different cleaning products for your leather shoes, bags, jackets, furniture and car seats?

Why not use a shoe polish to clean your briefcase?

For starters, there is a wide variety in the range of leather hides and finishes used for products that are covered by the blanket label, leather products.

Understanding the composition and application of the different types of conditioners, creams and polishes can prevent staining, discoloration and stiffening of the leather.

But first, let’s start with the different layers of leathers and the basic steps to keep the leather in top condition.

The Different Types & Layers Of Leather

The surface of leather is referred to as the ‘grain.’

  • Full-grain refers to the untouched top layer of the leather hide. The hair on the surface is removed, but the surface remains intact, with no flaws, marks or scratches.
  • Top-grain is a leather surface that has been sanded to smoothen the hide. The uppermost layer requires some form of treatment to remove imperfections.
  • Smooth-grain is achieved by removing hair from the uppermost layer of a hide.
  • Corrected-grain refers to a leather surface that has an artificial grain applied to it.
  • Split leather refers to the fibrous part of the hide that remains after the top-grain has been separated from the hide.


The Three Products Required To Maintain Leather Bags, Shoes & Furniture

Cleaning Leather1. Leather Cleaners

Cleaners remove the grease collected through dust, the remnants of the previous layer of polish and other oils mixed in the grime. Layers of polish built up over time prevent the leather from breathing, eventually causing the leather to break into cracks.

The best leather cleaners contain surfectants that attract dirt and grime from the surface of the leather.

Use solutions with neutral pH and cleaners that do not contain alcohol or abrasives that can damage or discolor leather.

Saddle soap can be used to remove dirt from exterior of leather. However, A lexol leather cleaner would be a better choice. A saddle soap will most likely be too strong for the leather on your bag and could cause discolouring.

A regular soap will be very drying and a saddle soap (which was originally designed to soften leather) has a high oil and fat content.

Your first line of defense against salt and snow is a quick wipedown with a damp cloth whenever exposure occurs, and keeping the leather healthy with conditioning as needed.

Thorough cleaning needs to be done very infrequently. It’s more important to brush and wipe down on occasion.

How To Clean Leather

  • Remove dirt build-up by wiping with a clean soft cloth.
  • Apply a dime-sized portion of leather cleaner to the cloth.
  • Wipe the surface in a gentle circular motion, allowing the leather to absorb the cleaner.
  • Remove excess solution with a dry rag.

If your favorite leather bag gets a stain – remember to test a small area on the bag before applying a cleaning solution to the entire surface.

Wipe your bag with a soft dry cloth every few days. This simple action will preserve the appearance of leather for years.

Leather Conditioners2. Leather Conditioners

Conditioning adds moisture to the leather.

Leather has a tendency to dry out and crack over time. A conditioner keeps the the surface soft and supple.

Mink oil, leather honey and neatsfoot stimulate the natural oils of the leather. These are common conditioners used to add moisture, color and add a layer of protection on leather.

How To Condition Leather

  • Avoid flaking, wrinkling or cracking of leather by dabbing a dollop of conditioner on a soft cloth.
  • Gently rub the conditioner all over the leather.
  • Condition once a month to ensure the leather continues to look its shiny best.

     3. Leather Protectants 

    Sealants coat the top leather layer and protect the skin from water, snow or ice. They also stop the natural oils and moisture in the leather from escaping due to exposure to sunlight or other environmental factors.

    While it is not essential to polish leather, it adds to the aesthetics and offers a mild layer of protection. Applying polish to leather is a matter of personal preference.

    A regular shoe polish can rub off on your clothes. Test a small portion to ensure the color matches and test if the leather is able to absorb the polish quickly.

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